Luis Enrique Oberto
Luis Enrique Oberto
|President of the Venezuelan Chamber of Deputies|
|Preceded by||José Rodríguez Iturbe|
|Succeeded by||Carmelo Lauría Lesseur|
|Member of the Venezuelan Chamber of Deputies|
|Minister of Finance|
|Preceded by||Pedro Tinoco|
|Succeeded by||Héctor Hurtado Navarro|
|Minister of Planning [es]|
|Preceded by||Aura Celina Casanova|
|Succeeded by||Antonio Casas González|
|Born||(1928-08-19)19 August 1928|
|Died||8 August 2022(2022-08-08) (aged 93)|
|Alma mater||Central University of Venezuela|
Luis Enrique Oberto González (19 August 1928 – 8 August 2022) was a Venezuelan banker and politician who served in several high-ranking positions within the government of Venezuela. A member of COPEI, Oberto was a member of the Venezuelan Chamber of Deputies from 1979 to 1999, serving as the president of the Chamber of Deputies from 1990 until 1994. Oberto also served as the Minister of Finance and the Minister of Planning [es] in the government of Rafael Caldera. He then served in a number of academic positions after leaving politics.
Early life and financial career
Oberto was born on 19 August 1928. In 1951, he graduated from the Central University of Venezuela with a degree in civil engineering. In 1969, newly-elected president Rafael Caldera appointed Oberto as Minister of Planning [es]; in this position, the U.S. Department of State considered him to be one of Venezuela's most senior government officials. From 1969 until 1972, Oberto served on the board of governors of the Inter-American Development Bank, and he also served as the principal director of the Central Bank of Venezuela from 1970 to 1972.
In 1972, Caldera appointed Oberto as Minister of Finance. In this role, Oberto oversaw the expansion of the Venezuelan oil industry; Oberto increased fiscal participation in oil and led the nationalization of Venezuela's oil and gas reserves. As a result of Oberto's policies while minister, the Venezuelan economy had an "average growth of 5%, with peaks of 7.6% in 1970 and 6.9% in 1973", while the average annual inflation was 3.3%. Oberto resigned as Minister of Finance in 1974 following the election of President Carlos Andrés Pérez.
Following his resignation, Oberto served in several governmental and business roles. In 1974, Oberto served as a member of the Presidential Commission for Oil Reversal, and later that year, he became an advisor for the Inter-American Development Bank. From 1974 to 1978, he was also on the board of directors of the Central Mortgage Bank.
In 1978, Oberto, a member of COPEI, was elected to the Chamber of Deputies where he subsequently served for the following twenty years. During his tenure in the legislature, Oberto also served in several high-ranking positions. In the late-1980s, he was a member of the Commission for the Reform of the State, a presidential commission which sought to reform the Venezuelan government.
In 1990, Oberto was elected the president of the Chamber of Deputies, a position he would hold until 1994. In 1993, Oberto briefly served as the interim president of the Congress of Venezuela, which consisted of both the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate of Venezuela. Oberto left parliament in 1999. In 1995, Oberto drafted the Organic Criminal Procedure Code (COPP), a reform of Venezuela's criminal justice system, which he believed was too "inquisitorial". The COPP reforms were later adopted in 1999 by the government of Hugo Chávez.
After leaving the legislature, Oberto held several academic positions. In 1999, he became a professor at the Central University of Venezuela. From 1998 until 2000, Oberto served as the president of the National Academy of Economic Sciences, an institution he founded in 1982. Oberto served as a member of the board of directors of the Institute of Advanced Studies in Administration from 2000 to 2003. At some point, Oberto was also the vice president of the College of Engineers of Venezuela [es].[vague]
- ^ "Falleció el exministro de Hacienda venezolano Luis Enrique Oberto" [Former Venezuelan Finance Minister Luis Enrique Oberto passed away]. El Universal (in Spanish). 9 August 2022. Retrieved 14 August 2022.
- ^ a b c "Falleció el exministro Luis Enrique Oberto González" [Former Minister Luis Enrique Oberto González passed away]. El Nacional (in Spanish). 9 August 2022. Retrieved 13 August 2022.
- ^ Republic of Venezuela: Background Notes. Washington: Bureau of Public Affairs. 1969. p. 7.
- ^ a b "Falleció Luis Enrique Oberto González, exministro del gabinete de Rafael Caldera" [Luis Enrique Oberto González, former minister of Rafael Caldera's cabinet, passed away]. Maduradas (in Spanish). 9 August 2022. Retrieved 13 August 2022.
- ^ "Muere el exministro de Hacienda venezolano Luis Enrique Oberto" [Former Venezuelan Finance Minister Luis Enrique Oberto dies]. El Pitazo (in Spanish). 9 August 2022. Retrieved 13 August 2022.
- ^ a b c d e f Vazquez, Luis David (9 August 2022). "Fallece el académico y ex-ministro de Hacienda venezolano, Luis Enrique Oberto González" [The academic and former Venezuelan Minister of Finance, Luis Enrique Oberto González, dies]. Descifrado (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 August 2022.
- ^ "Opposition Leaders Criticize Venezuela's New Foreign Debt Accord". Associated Press. 2 March 1987. Retrieved 13 August 2022.
- ^ Wilson, Matthew J.; Fukurai, Hiroshi; Maruta, Takashi (28 August 2015). Japan and Civil Jury Trials: The Convergence of Forces. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 128. ISBN 978-1-78347-919-1.
- ^ Alvarado, Darsy (9 August 2022). "Falleció Luis Enrique Oberto, fundador de la Academia Nacional de Ciencias Económicas" [Luis Enrique Oberto, founder of the National Academy of Economic Sciences, passed away]. El Carabobeño (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 August 2022.
- Caldera (1959–1962)
- Ledezma (1962)
- Arcaya (1962–1964)
- Santaella (1964–1965)
- Ugarte Pelayo (1965–1966)
- López Orihuela (1966–1967)
- Betancourt (1967–1968)
- Rondón Lovera (1968–1969)
- Dáger (1969–1970)
- Léidenz (1970–1974)
- Ramírez Cubillán (1974–1975)
- Álvarez Paz (1975–1979)
- Canache Mata (1979–1982)
- Sánchez Bueno (1982–1983)
- Ferrer (1983–1987)
- Iturbe (1987–