United Counties of Prescott and Russell

United counties in Ontario, Canada
45°28′N 74°50′W / 45.467°N 74.833°W / 45.467; -74.833Coordinates 22: 45°28′N 74°50′W / 45.467°N 74.833°W / 45.467; -74.833Country CanadaProvince OntarioRegionEastern OntarioEstablished1820County seatL'OrignalMunicipalities
List
Government
 • WardenDaniel Lafleur • Governing bodyPrescott and Russell County Council • MPsFrancis Drouin • MPPsStéphane SarrazinArea • Land2,004.47 km2 (773.93 sq mi)Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Total89,333 • Density44.6/km2 (116/sq mi)Time zoneUTC-5 (EST) • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)Websitewww.prescott-russell.on.ca/

The United Counties of Prescott and Russell (French: Comtés unis de Prescott et Russell) are consolidated counties located in the Canadian province of Ontario. Its county seat is L'Orignal.[2] It was created as a result of a merger between Russell County and Prescott County in 1820. It is located in Eastern Ontario, in the wedge-shaped area between the Ottawa River and St. Lawrence River, approximately 55 km (35 miles) east of the City of Ottawa.

Geography and nature

According to Statistics Canada, the county has a total area of 2,004.44 square kilometres (773.92 sq mi).[3]

The United Counties are bordered by the Ontario/Quebec border to the east, and the Ottawa River to the north. It is crossed by the South Nation River that connects the Larose Forest and Alfred Bog. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources has designated the Alfred Bog "a provincially significant wetland and an Area of Natural and Scientific Interest." Species of interest include the palm warbler, northern pitcher-plant, pink lady's-slipper, cottongrass, bog elfin and bog copper butterflies, and ebony boghaunter dragonfly. It also hosts one of the most southerly herds of moose. The bog is open to the public with a 272-metre (297 yard) boardwalk for nature walks.[4]

Subdivisions

Municipalities and townships with major unincorporated communities:

Historical townships

Demographics

United Counties of Prescott and Russell historical populations
YearPop.±%
198657,620—    
199167,183+16.6%
199674,013+10.2%
200176,446+3.3%
200680,184+4.9%
201185,381+6.5%
201689,333+4.6%
[5][6][1]

As a census division in the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the United Counties of Prescott and Russell had a population of 95,639 living in 38,338 of its 39,616 total private dwellings, a change of 7.1% from its 2016 population of 89,333. With a land area of 2,004.27 km2 (773.85 sq mi), it had a population density of 47.7/km2 (123.6/sq mi) in 2021.[7]

Canada census – United Counties of Prescott and Russell community profile
20162011
Population89,333 (4.6% from 2011)85,381 (6.5% from 2006)
Land area2,004.47 km2 (773.93 sq mi)2,004.44 km2 (773.92 sq mi)
Population density44.6/km2 (116/sq mi)42.6/km2 (110/sq mi)
Median age44.3 (M: 43.7, F: 44.9)
Total private dwellings36,78334,400
Median household income$78,748
References: 2016[8] 2011[9] earlier[10][11]

The median income for a household in the county was $78,748 and the median income for a family is $94,067. Males had an average income of $44,781 versus $33,240 for females.[1]

Languages

In 2016 French was the sole mother tongue of 63.0% of its residents, and an additional 1.8% reported being natively bilingual in French and English.[12]

Mother tongue Population Percentage
French 55,615 63.0%
English 27,975 31.7%
English and French 1,630 1.8%

Services

County Court in L'Orignal

Responsibilities of the county government include social services (social assistance, child care, housing), county roads, paramedic / ambulance services and land-use planning. The county also operates the Prescott-Russell Residence, a home for the aged in Hawkesbury.

Libraries

There are many public libraries located in the county. The largest is the Hawkesbury Public Library, which is located in Hawkesbury.

Health

There are two hospitals in Prescott-Russell: Hawkesbury and District General Hospital, in Hawkesbury, and the Glengarry Memorial Hospital, a rural hospital in Alexandria, Ontario. Also, there is a medevac helicopter, in Ottawa, Ontario. The two hospitals have seen an increase in wait times due to an influx of patients from Quebec.[13] The Government of Quebec has stalled efforts to build a second hospital in Western Quebec and it is not known when funding will be made available.

Transit

The counties are served by numerous commuter bus lines running to Ottawa, which are mainly operated by private contractors. The route numbers are part of the Rural Partners Transit Service of OC Transpo. Communities served include Rockland (with 10-12 trips in rush hour), Hawkesbury, Bourget, Casselman, Russell, and Embrun.

Police

The county is policed by the Ontario Provincial Police (OPP). There are two main police stations in Prescott and Russell; one in Embrun and one in Hawkesbury. In addition, there is a police station in Rockland that acts as a satellite to the one in Embrun.[14] The OPP is also in charge of patrolling Highway 417.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Prescott and Russell". Statistics Canada. Retrieved July 1, 2019.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "Community highlights for Prescott and Russell". 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
  4. ^ The Alfred Bog, Ottawa Field-Naturalists' Club
  5. ^ Statistics Canada: 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  6. ^ "Prescott and Russell United counties census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-03-21.
  7. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada and census divisions". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved April 2, 2022.
  8. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. August 12, 2021. Retrieved 2019-07-01.
  9. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 21, 2019. Retrieved 2012-03-21.
  10. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. August 20, 2019.
  11. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 18, 2021.
  12. ^ "Statistics Canada: Census Profile, 2016 Census".
  13. ^ Lahaie, Lianne. "Wait times at Hawkesbury hospital are on the rise". Hawkesbury Review.
  14. ^ Ontario Provincial Police Website Archived July 18, 2006, at the Wayback Machine

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Prescott and Russell United Counties, Ontario.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Prescott-Russell.
  • Official website
Places adjacent to United Counties of Prescott and Russell
  • v
  • t
  • e
Subdivisions of Ontario
Counties
Districts
Regional municipalities
Single-tier municipalities
Separated municipalities
Regions
  • flag Ontario portal
  • Category:Ontario
  • WikiProject: Ontario